Sursa :Jonathan J Scott Films, Youtube
We love Transylvania
We love Transylvania “cause the people have that special something!”
- We love Transylvania for its picturesque valleys, medieval settlements, imposing castles and cities that have survived since ancient times, long gone.
- We love Transylvania for its myths and legends; specially thanks to Count Dracula, a thirsty vampire who ruled over the land beyond the forest.
- We love Transylvania because it is the place where festivals are at home.
- We love Transylvania because here cultures from all over the world meet forming a multicultural family, ready to overcome the differences imposed by society.
Transylvania, by its nature and history, is one of the most impressive regions in Romania and in the world. Thanks to legends about vampires and undead, medieval villages and churches, untouched lifestyles and beautiful rustic landscapes, unique castles and unique caves, it accompanies tourists to the lands detached as if from a fairy tale.
- Transylvania has remained throughout history a cosmopolitan territory, in which, attracted by the richness of its resources, settled numerous peoples, some disappeared over time. Geto-Dacians, Scythians, Celts, Sarmatians, Romans, Goths, Huns, Avars, Gepis, Romanians, Hungarians, Szeklers, Saxons, Teutons, Jews, Croats, Ruthenians and many other peoples lived here.
- Various place names were used to name the region, including “Terra ultra silvam” which meant “Land beyond the forest”, “Terra Ultrasilvana” and then Transylvania. Hungarian chroniclers attested it as Erde-lew and later Erdely, which meant “over the forest”, and the toponym “Septem Castra” was taken over by the Saxons as “Siebenburgen” meaning seven fortresses.
- Throughout history, Transylvania has been a component part of the Dacian state, the Roman Empire, the Kingdom of Hungary and for a period the independent Principality of Transylvania. Once it won the wars against the Ottoman Empire, Transylvania was part of the Habsburg administration so that after the First World War it was integrated sometimes in Romania, sometimes in Hungary, so that the latter would become part of Romania.
- As a tourist area, Transylvania is divided into four subcategories:
- South-Eastern Transylvania is distinguished by the Saxon character from the Saxons established for centuries in these lands. In addition to the medieval cities of Sibiu, Brașov and Sighișoara, you will meet tourist attractions from stories such as Lake and Bâlea Waterfall, but also the most spectacular Transfăgărașan route. Let us not forget the mountain resorts that winter sports enthusiasts enjoy every year.
- South-Western Transylvania is represented by the historical load of the country that delights our eyes with the very old settlements left by the Dacians. Besides the cities of Hunedoara and Alba Iulia, this area is famous for the whole Daco-Roman capital, Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa, as well as the landscapes detached from Ţara Hațegului, which delight the soul of any passer-by.
- North-Western Transylvania is represented by the homogeneous ethnic mixture and the natural setting perfectly combines the cultural heritage. The area is highlighted by large cities such as Cluj Napoca, Bistrita, but also by villages with various communities, where there are many tourist attractions: Salina Turda, Cheile Turzii.
- Central-Eastern Transylvania is differentiated by the special culture resulting from the coexistence of Romanians with the Szeklers. Lake Vulcani Sfânta Ana enchants us with its picturesque landscapes. The spa resorts Sovata or Praid, invite us to relax.
- The gastronomy of Transylvania is represented by the multiculturalism of this region which made the culinary recipes to be diversified. Whether they have Saxon, Hungarian or Romanian roots, locals surprise you with the richness of the dishes, but also with the specific characteristics that have defined them over time: fatty chicken soups with very fine noodles, sour soups with vinegar, tarragon soups, milks and milk specialties, low bean dishes, cabbage from Cluj, Transylvanian goulash, chișătură, Transylvanian bulz.
- Let’s not forget the delicate desserts, which delight our taste buds: cremeș, pup with cottage cheese, plum dumplings, flaked cake, Szekler rolls called Kurtos Kalcs.
- Along with the special Transylvanian dishes, we find the kingdom of unique wines from famous vineyards in the area. Thus, your senses will be delighted by the special wines of Jidvei, Blaj, Lechința, Aiud or Apold.
- Finally, Transylvania offers a vibrant nightlife thanks to the highly developed academic center in the area.
How to get there?
Plane, train or car? Traveling to Transylvania, in the heart of Romania, you will be able to reach almost all means of transport.
- The area is served by the main airport “Avram Iancu Cluj Napoca International Airport” which is located on the outskirts of Cluj Napoca, which connects both Transylvania and the rest of the country to Europe. At the airport operate both airlines (Tarom, Lufthansa, Turkish Airlines, Lot Polish Airlines, Austrian Airlines, Croatia Airlines) and low-cost airlines (Blue Air, Wizz Air and Ryanair). Transylvania is also served by the secondary airports Sibiu International Airport and Transilvania Târgu Mureș International Airport.
- The train transport takes place on the 200 200 Brașov-Făgăraș-Sibiu highway, the 300 Brașov-Rupea-Sighișoara-Mediaș-Copșa Mică-Cluj Napoca highway and the 208 Sibiu-Copșa Mică highway. Regio trains serve all other railway stations. Direct connections: Bucharest North, Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara North, Arad, Mangalia, Craiova.
- Transylvania is connected through the network of national and European roads to all corners of Romania. The access in the area is made on the European Road E60 Vama Borş – Cluj ‐ Napoca – Sighişoara – Braşov; European Road E68 Nădlac Customs – Sibiu – Făgăraş – Braşov and DN 14 Sibiu – Mediaş – Sighişoara; then, 22 county roads and 25 communal roads will ensure access inside the destination.
The main cities of the Transylvania area are:
Cluj Napoca, also called the Heart of Transylvania, is in the central-northwestern part of Romania, being one of the most important cultural and industrial academic centers of Romania. The city, also known as Jolozsvar and Klausenburg, is the favorite city of students from all over the country, attracting in 2015 the title of European Youth Capital.
- With a special historical significance and location at the foot of the Cluj and Feleac hills, Cluj Napoca is distinguished by its cultural activity rich in events and festivals that animate the metropolis every year. A cosmopolitan and captivating city that combines traditional elements with modern ones.
- The city center is structured in 3 large squares as follows: Union Square, the medieval center with St. Michael’s Church in Gothic style, the Statue of Matthew Corvinus and Banffy Palace; Mihai Viteazu Square represented by the Statue of Mihai Viteazul; Avram Iancu Square surrounded by admirable buildings in eclectic and secession style.
- The historical and cultural heritage of the city can be found at every step, through the Metropolitan Cathedral, the Botanical Garden, the Art Museum, the Pharmacy History Collection, the Ethnographic Museum.
Sibiu is located between the Cibinului Depression, being crossed by the river of the same name and surrounded by the Făgăraș mountains. Also known under the German name Hermannstadt is one of the most representative cities of Romania, being the first city in Eastern Europe to receive the title of European Capital of Culture.
- With a rich cultural significance, Sibiu is a city of superlatives that has received numerous awards, being the pioneer, with an innovative spirit, through its people and historical situation.
- The historical center of the city emanates a bohemian and cultural atmosphere, which impresses by incorporating the 3 major squares: the Great Square where we find the impressive Brukenthal Museum; The Little Square dominated by the Universal Ethnographic Museum and the Luxumburg House; Huet Square, being the oldest medieval square in the city where the Evangelical Cathedral is built.
- The unmissable tourist objectives of Sibiu: Bridge of Lies, Council Tower, Sibiu Zoo, Dumbrava Sibiului Natural Park, ASTRA Museum, Stairs Passage, Aurarilor Square, Cârța Abbey, Sub Arini Park, Steam Locomotives Museum, Carpenters Tower.
Brașov is located at the foot of Tâmpa, in the center of Romania, surrounded by the Southern Carpathians, being the bridge that connects the Romanian historical territories. Also known as Kronstadt, the city benefited from a strategic geographical position that played a significant role in its development.
- Brașov is one of the few cities that continues to be inhabited since the medieval period, becoming one of the most important cities in Transylvania.
- The old center of the medieval fortress, represented by the Council Square, hosts every year the Medieval Celebrations, the Brașov June, the Fair of Popular Craftsmen, the International Book and Music Fair, which pleases the eyes of every traveler who stops in the middle of the city.
- The mountain resort Poiana Brașov allows the tourist to enjoy the sports of the season in winter, but also to enjoy a walk through the city of Brașov itself.
- The Black Church in Council Square is the symbol of the city that bears its name from the Great Fire of 1689, when the flames and smoke blackened its walls.
- The unmissable tourist objectives of Brașov: the Tăbăcarilor Bastion, the Weavers ‘Bastion, the White Tower, the Bran Castle, the First Romanian School, the Rupea Medieval Fortress, the Merchants’ House.
Alba Iulia, a city with a millennial history that has remained in the pages of national and European history, is located on the banks of the Mureș River surrounded by the reddish clay hills of the Transylvanian plateau. Also known as “The Other Capital”, the city is the keeper of some of the most important historical moments in Romania.
- A true cultural, historical and spiritual center, the city had a troubled history that ended with the Great Union of 1918. Every year, on December 1, Romanians celebrate with small, with the great National Day of Romania.
- The symbol of the city amazes with its charming Vauban-style bastion fortress called the White Carolina Fortress, which abounds in historical and cultural sights.
- Tourist attractions that remind you not to miss: the Cathedral of the Reunification of the Nation, the National Museum of the Union, the Union Hall, the Batthyaneum Library, the Obelisk “Horea, Cloșca and Crișan”, the Archbishop’s Palace, the Route of the Three Fortifications, the Apor Palace.
Sighișoara is in the hilly area of the Târnavelor Plateau, being among the few permanently inhabited medieval fortresses in Europe, registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List. A city with medieval charm, the fortress is the ideal place for lovers of legends.
- The city hosts annually, the Medieval Sighișoara Festival, which transports visitors to the ancient times, making them aware of ancient traditions and customs.
- The most interesting tourist attractions in the fortress: The Clock Tower, the Monastery Church, the School Stairs or “Covered Stairs”, the Blacksmiths’ Tower, the Hill Church, Vlad Dracul House.
What to visit?
The objectives dear to us, which we visit always with great pleasure, every time we reach the Transylvanian lands due to the transmitted emotions, the good state of mind that remain with you after visiting them. Below we leave you the list, without a specific order of their visit, because wherever we start the wealth of the soul remains the same.
Bran Castle is located less than 30 km from Brasov in the Bran-Rucar Pass and is one of the most imposing historical monuments in Romania. The castle is built on a rock, which accentuates the mystical side of the surrounding legends. Although associated with Dracula’s Castle, the beautiful castle was Queen Maria’s summer residence.
Corvin Castle is one of the most beautiful medieval castles in Europe, being built by Iancu de Hunedoara in the 15th century and is found in the city of Hunedoara. The splendid medieval Gothic construction imposes itself through the towers, bastions and keep that give it a special charm. The exhibitions and collections present in the castle remind us of the long-gone times.
The Museum of Traditional Popular Civilization Astra is one of the largest open-air museums covering an area of 96 hectares, in the Dumbrava forest, 4 km from the city of Sibiu. The place reproduces the traditional Romanian village, with over 300 buildings in Romanian architecture that will transpose you to the end of the seventeenth century.
Alba Carolina Fortress is a star-shaped bastion fortification, with an area of 120 hectares that amazes with its dimensions. The fortress is in the medieval city of Alba Iulia, which connects the entire universe of the early era.
Turda Salt Mine is located 30 km from the city of Cluj Napoca, being a real museum of the history of mining itself. The harmonious combination of the natural and salty environment of the mine with minimalist and modern design elements creates a unique atmosphere.
The Dacian Fortress Sarmizegatusa Regia is in the Orăștiei Mountains, at 1200m altitude in Grădiștea de Munte, Hunedoara county. It is divided into three areas such as the civil one (at the foot of the hill), the fortress itself (at an altitude of 1000 meters) and the sacred area, respectively.
UNESCO International Geopark Țara Hațegului is a remarkable and unique land in Romania, due to its natural and cultural heritage. Although it is known for the fossils of dinosaur bones and eggs discovered in this place, it is also known for its biodiversity.
Deva Fortress dates from 1269, being located on a volcanic cone formed of Neogene andesites, at an altitude of 378 meters, where Mureş forms a gorge between the Apuseni Mountains and the Poiana Ruscă Mountains, on the Citadel Hill in Deva.
Transalpina is the highest and most beautiful road in Romania, reaching a maximum altitude of 2145m in Urdele Pass. The Transalpine crosses the Parâng Mountains from N to S, being parallel to the Olt Valley and the Jiu Valley. Transalpine is also called the “King’s Road” because after its reconstruction, King Carol I inaugurated it by going through it with his family.
The Zărnești Gorges, also called the Zarnești precipices, represent a narrow canyon, on a distance of almost 4km, being a protected area of the Piatra Craiului National Park. For nature lovers, but also for mountaineering and climbing, the gorge is the ideal place because dozens of alpine trails are specially designed.
Râșnov Fortress is an old peasant fortress with an excellent strategic position on the hill in Râșnov town, Brașov county. Although it does not have a well-defined architectural style, the fortress is one of the best preserved, preserving its structures that are hundreds of years old.
Sfânta Ana Lake is the only volcanic lake in Romania, being in the Ciomtu Massif, in Harghita County. The lake is located at an altitude of 946 m near Băile Tușnad resort.
Events & Festivals
- Transylvania International Film Festival or TIFF is the first international feature film festival in Romania, which took place for the first time in Cluj Napoca in 2002, and then in 2007 to be organized in Sibiu. The Romanian film screenings are completed with seminars, workshops, concerts and parties for 10 days, in a special atmosphere and in the company of thousands of other moviegoers. The festival takes place every year at the beginning of summer, more precisely at the end of May and the beginning of June.
- The Astra Film International Festival or ASTRA is the event that aims to award the best documentary films in the European, Romanian and debut film sections, but the live concerts, workshops and debates are not foreign to the event program either. The festival reached its XXIV edition, taking place in Sibiu, every year in October.
- Sibiu Jazz Festival takes place in Sibiu, every year, in May. The festival is considered unique in Romania, being the most long-lived and consistent, uniting an impressive number of celebrities of Jazz music.
- Electric Castle is the largest electronic music festival, with reggae, dub and rock influences in Eastern Europe. The location of the festival is a fairytale one, Bánffy Castle, from Bonțida, Cluj County. The festival takes place annually in July.
- Untold is the biggest festival in Romania, which takes place every year in August on Cluj Arena in Cluj Napoca. Over the course of 4 days, the festival brings over 200 artists, bringing together thousands of young people from around the world.
- Street Food Festival is the largest festival of its kind in the country and one of the most important festivals in Europe. Every year, it debuts in Cluj Napoca at the beginning of May, and you can enjoy the tastiest and craziest dishes.
- The Medieval Sighișoara Festival is an annual festival held on the last weekend of July in the city of Sighișoara, with the theme of medieval legends. The festival is the oldest in Romania and enjoys the authenticity of the medieval period, thus taking us on a journey through time through the Sighișoara Fortress.
- The “Golden Stag” Festival in Brașov is an event that has become a tradition, which takes place in the Council Square in Brașov in August – September. The “Golden Stag” is an interpretation show-contest that aims to promote talents in Romania and abroad.
- For lovers of traditional festivals, Transylvania presents the Folk Costume Ball, an ethnofolkloric event that takes place annually in February in Rupea, Brașov County; The pie ball, a traditional manifestation of the sackcloth mocans that takes place in March in Sălcele, Brașov County; Every year in Durau from Harghita we meet the Festival of Hungarian customs practiced by Lasata Secului called Fărșangul; Towards the end of the year, the inter-county contest of calusari bands The Transylvanian Caluser, held in Geoagiu and Orăștie localities, delights our souls with carols, folk dances and New Year’s wishes.
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