Danube Delta & Black Sea

We love Danube Delta & Black Sea

We love the Danube Delta because it is the only place that unites different communities, unique ecosystems and traditions.
We love the Danube Delta for the unique and unbelievable experiences it takes us through.
We love the Danube Delta for its wild horses, its labyrinth of lakes and canals and its biodiversity.
We love the Danube Delta because it is home for many endangered species of birds and fish.

We love Black Sea for its fine sand that takes us every summer in a new story.
We love Black Sea for its sunrises and sunsets that we will never forget.
We love Black Sea because it brought joy to our hearts every time we felt the touch of the sea.
We love Black Sea because regardless of age we all experience the same feeling of joy when we first walk on the golden sand.

 

Discover Danube Delta & Black Sea

The Danube Delta,which, in 1990, has become an UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located in the eastern part of Romania and at the southeastern tip of Ukraine.It is surrounded to the north by the Bugeac Plateau, to the west by the North Dobrogea Plateau and partly by the Bugeac Plateau, and to the east and southeast by the Black Sea.It is the

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country’s newest relief unit, it is a constantly forming plain, which increases from year to year by approximately 40 m2.It was created by the deposition of alluvials brought by the Danube but also by the deposition of sediments and ropes of sand by the sea currents.The Danube is the second largest river in Europe, and the route of this river, which springs from the Black Forest Mountains, Germany and flows into the Black Sea, comprises 10 countries (Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, The Republic of Moldova, Ukraine) and 4 capitals: Vienna, Bratislava, Budapest and Belgrade.
In  Pătlăgeanca village, in Tulcea County, the Danube bifurcates in: Chilia Arm to the north and Tulcea Arm to the south, which also bifurcates forming Sulina Arm and St. George’s Arm.
The Chilia arm – to the north, forms the border with Ukraine and has the longest length, about 120 km.
The Sulina arm – is in the middle of the Delta and is the shortest with a length of only about 70 km, but it is permanently dredged and maintained to allow safe navigation.
The Saint George arm – to the southeast, is the middle arm in terms of length, it is about 100 km and is considered the oldest arm.
The climate of the Danube Delta is temperate steppe – continental and is influenced by the proximity of the Black Sea.Temperature variations are small, winters are mild and poor in snow, and summers are heat-free.The Danube Delta was formed over 10,000 years and because of its rich history, the oldest written springs date back to the Greco-Roman era.
During the Byzantine period, most of the Dobrogea region, which also included Delta, was part of the “Thema Paristrion”.Byzantine chronicles and medieval maps mention several villages in the Delta area, and in some of the villages archaeological research has subsequently been carried out confirming the information.The political instability of the Byzantine Empire was also felt over Dobrogea, allowing Italian, Venetian and Genoese merchants to begin trade around the Black Sea.In the 15th century the Danube Delta and the whole of Dobrogea came under Ottoman rule for almost four and a half centuries.After the conquest of state independence in 1877, the Danube Delta is again part of the Old Kingdom – Romania.
Because, throughout history, many cultures have found their home on the Dobrogen lands, the traditional costume preserves the specific aspects of each community: romanian costume, lipoven costume, bulgarian costume, macedonian costume, tatar costume and turkish costume.
Beside the traditional costumes, in Dobrogea you can also meet customs preserved from ancestors that are practiced with holiness nowadays, the most popular being:
“Boboteaza” – this custom is practiced on January 6th and consists of the „Semănatul” – recovery by young people of the cross thrown into the water.
this custom is practiced by children on New Year’s Day.Kids roam from house to house and throw with wheat beans.
“Olaria” – this habit consists in lighting fires from the remaining meadows of animals during the winter and represents the purification of air and the flight of evil spirits.
The gastronomy of the region is special and is based on fish dishes, which is the main source of food of the locals.The recipes of the locals are received from the ancestors, and some of the most popular dishes are:
Storceagul – it is a soup cooked from fresh aquaculture sturgeon fish or salmon with lots of cream and egg yolk.
Scordoleaua – is a simple recipe taken from the Greeks, prepared from mashed potatoes and dried and salted fish, boiled.These two “stars” of the recipe are laid in layers and are seasoned in abundance with garlic.
Scrumbie on the grill – scrumbia is most often cooked by the locals; it may also be sewn and marinated, smoked, in salads or even roasted.
Ghisman – is a pie whose dough is not traditional, but has a liquid consistency, similar to fatty cream.The filling is prepared from 8 eggs in combination with cream, preferably fatty, and is poured over the dough and  everything goes to the oven.
Fish Jam – so far we have presented you with dishes that can be served as an aperitif or main course, we have to present you a dessert based on fish. Caras and eel are the fishes that the locals prefer for the preparation of jam and even if it is not as famous a preparation, it is worth a try.

The Black Sea is among the most famous and spectacular regions of Romania.It is located in the southeastern part of Romania, being bounded to the east by Tulcea city and Constanta city, to the north by the Danube Delta, and to the south by the border with Bulgaria.The shore is quite varied, with slightly wavy shapes, with long bays deep on the valleys,

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with cliffs, beaches, lagoons and sand ropes.The 12 seaside resorts: Năvodari, Mamaia, Eforie Nord, Eforie Sud, Techirghiol, Costineşti, Olympus, Neptune, Jupiter, Cap Aurora, Venus, Saturn and Mangalia make this destination suitable for all people, regardless of age.
The climate of the coast is moderately-temperate, with long and warm summers, sometimes hot, but due to the sea breeze, rich in aerosols the burning is attenuated.Thanks to the Black Sea, the seaside winters are mild and the average temperature in January is 0°C.The history of the coastline dates back to ancient times. Archaeological research attests to the presence of the Greeks who in the 6th to 5th centuries BC.they founded the colonies of Histria, Callatis and Tomis, of the Persians, of the Romans who became by Byzantine Christianity, and later the invasions of the migratory peoples were followed by Ottoman rule.After being under Ottoman occupation in the 18th and 19th centuries, the coast became a battleground between Turkey and Russia.
Due to the tumultuous history it had, among the inhabitants of the surroundings of the coast we can find, in addition to the Romanians, several ethnic groups: Aromanians, Turks, Tatars, Lipovan Russians, Greeks, Bulgarians and Ukrainians who have maintained their customs and traditions, while influencing some of the customs of the place. Traditions and traditional costumes that we have presented to you in the above material.As in the Delta, the gastronomy of the Romanian coast is based on fish.In addition, due to the influence of ethnic groups, among many specific dishes we also remember: lamb sausages, beam lamb, kebab, moussaka, kefir, baclavals and dobrogean pie.

 

How to get there?

Plan, train or car? the main crossing point is through Tulcea, and Tulcea can be reached by almost all means of transport.

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  • Once you have reached Tulcea, depending on the location of the accommodation, the road can continue on 2 paths:
  • Boat
  • On road, by car to the towns of Nufăru, Baltenii de Sus, Besthepe, Mahmudia, Murighiol or Dunavătu de Jos; – By boat, with passenger ships, according to established programmes or with private boats provided by the accommodation units. NAVROM passenger ships offer regular transfers for the following routes:
    Tulcea – Pătlăgeanca – Ceatalchioi – Pardina – Chilia Veche – Periprava
    Tulcea – Partizani – Maliuc – Gorgova – Crișan – Sulina
    Tulcea – Mahmudia – Murighiol – Sf Gheorghe
    Ship schedules and fares differ depending on the route and type of boat. For more details we invite you to consult the official Navrom website.
  • Car
  • Tulcea is connected through the network of national and European roads to all corners of Romania. Two of the fastest routes from Bucharest -> Tulcea -> Danube Delta include at least the first part of the highway (A2 Bucharest – Drajna). The fastest route to reach the Danube Delta is also the longest (Bucharest – A2 highway – A4 Constanța – Babadag – Murighiol ).
  • Train
  • Train transport from Bucharest to Tulcea takes place on the route Bucharest – Medgidia – Tulcea, Bucharest being the main connection to other regions of Romania.
  • Plane
  • The area is served by Mihail Kogălniceanu International Airport, located 26 km from Constanța and 125 km from Tulcea, and the main airlines operating are Wizzair, Turkish Airlines and Blue Air.
  • *** Attention !!! For the Danube Delta a local fee needs to be paid, the access fee in the Biosphere, and its rate is approximately 3€ / person / week; or 1€ / person / day.

Plan, train or car? The Black Sea can be reached by almost all means of transport.

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  • Car
  • Constanța is connected through the network of national and European roads to all corners of Romania. The main access road from Bucharest is: Sun Highway A2: Bucharest – Feteşti – Cernavodă – Medgidia – Constanţa.
    From Constanţa, the E87 road provides access for all the resorts in the south of the coast.
  • Train
  • The railway allows rail access to Constanta, from all regions of the country, on several routes.From Constanta there is only one route to Mangalia that provides entry to the southern seaside resorts, among the resorts we can mention: Eforie Nord, Eforie Sud, Costineşti, Neptune, Mangalia.
  • Plane
  • The area is deserted by Mihail Kogălniceanu International Airport, located 26 km from Constanta, with Wizzair, Turkish Airlines and Blue Air.

Main cities

Tulcea – or “The city at the gates of the Danube Delta” is the main city and the main crossing point to the Danube Delta, which has earned a reputation both nationally and worldwide.The city is located in the southeastern part of Romania, in the north of Dobrogea, and its history

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begins in 1506, it received the name “Tulcea” during the reign of Mircea the Elder.The main tourist attractions are: Museum of Art, Museum of Ethnography, Museum of History and Archaeology, Ecoturistic Center “Delta Danube “, Traditional Fishing Village, Avramide House; Cathedral, Greek Church , Clock Church, Geamia Cathedral “Azzizia”; Civic Square; Aegyssus Fortress; Mushroom Lake.
Aegyssus Fortress – is located in the eastern part of the city, on Monument Hill.The fortress was built at the end of the 4th century BC, and was an important military headquarter and later, episcopal residence.

Sulina – is the easternmost city of the country and is the most important river-maritime port in the Danube Delta.Over time the city experienced several dominations, Turkish, Austrian, but in 1877, as a result of the War of Independence, it returned to the country along with Dobrogea.
The main sights are: the Old Lighthouse, the New Lighthouse, the Palace of the former European Commission of the Lower Danube, the Water Tower, the Orthodox Church of Saints Alexander and Nicholas; St. Nicholas Roman Catholic Church; St. Peter and Paul’s Lipoven Church; St. Nicholas Greek Church; St. Nicholas Orthodox Church
Old Lighthouse – is considered a historical monument, built in 1870.At that time it was near the Danube spillpoint.

Saint George – is a rustic fishing village on the oldest arm of the Danube.
The main sights are: the beach – which is made up of the finest sand on a large area; Sacalin – Zatoane Nature Reserve;

Crișan – the village is located in the central part of the Danube Delta and its composition includes the villages: Crişan, Caraorman and Mila 23.
The main sights are: Caraorman Forest – which is considered nature reserve and where you can meet the white eagle and raven; Mila 23 Village – is a typical fishing village, where you can visit the Museum “Lotcii” and “Entographic Center”.

Mahmudia – the village is located on the arm of Saint George and is distinguished by the fact that the population consists of Romanians, Lipovans, Ukrainians and Turks.
The main sights are:
The ruins of the fortress of Salsovia – a Roman fortification that functioned as a military reinforced roman camp in the first half of the 3rd century; Fisherman’s House.

Murighiol – is a balneary town and is considered one of the gateways to the Danube Delta.
The main tourist attractions are: the lake near the village, also called “Violet Lake” due to the reflection of the water at sunset; The ruins of the ancient city of Halmyris; Halmyri Monastery; Sărătura I, II, III lakes – rich in black mud that has healing properties in certain diseases.

Constanța is located in the southeastern part of Romania and is the second most important city in the country, it is a port city and tourist city that is worth visiting at any time of year.
The port of Constanța is the main port of Romania at sea.
History has left its mark on the city. The Bronze and Iron Ages attest the

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flourishing of the Thracian and later Geto-Dacian civilization, which for a long time represented the basic population. In the 7th century BC. the Greek colonies founded the fortress of Tomis here. The medieval period manifested by the evolution of civilization until the end of the reign of Mircea the Elder, after which for 400 years it came under Ottoman administration. After the War of Independence in 1877, it became part of Romania again.
The main tourist attractions are: – Constanța Casino – a building full of history, which still breathes the air of its glory period, the casino “watches” over the Black Sea for over 130 years;
Genovese lighthouse – located on the seafront in Constanța has a height of 16 meters, an octagonal shape and is made of natural stone, has a metal dome at the top from which was projected the light that would guide the sailors through eight windows
The dolphinarium – is the place where you can relax watching a unique show offered by dolphins, sea lions and penguins.
Tomis Port – is one of the famous locations in Constanța where you can admire luxury yachts and sailing boats.
Constanța Aquarium – is located in front of the casino and hosts a permanent exhibition of aquatic fauna and flora.

Năvodari – the city is located in a central area of ​​Constanța County, on the southern shore of Lake Tasaul and is located 15 km away Constanța city. This resort is known mainly for the camp complex it hosts, being considered the largest camp complex in southeastern Europe.

Mamaia – is the largest and most famous resort on the Romanian coast and is attached to the city of Constanța, located in the north of the coast and separates Lake Siutghiol from the Black Sea. This resort is located on a strip of sand about 8 km long.

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The resort offers tourists many leisure opportunities suitable for any age. The numerous leisure facilities are an inexhaustible source of fun for water sports enthusiasts, you can also enjoy water biking, skydiving, windsurfing and yachting, banana towing, jet skiing, water skiing, diving and boating sails. Aqua Magic is the water park that brings a smile on the faces of the little ones, especially, or if you want to relax then Ovidiu Island is the ideal place, on the island you can reach by boat which leaves from the Casino area at set intervals.

Eforie Nord – is the second largest resort on the Romanian coast and is located approximately 12 km away from Constanța. It is a balneary famous for the healing properties of the mud from Lake Techirghiol. The treatment bases in Eforie Nord resort attract tourists all year round. The beach of the resort is about 4 km long.

Eforie Sud – is a small resort, located south of the coast and at a distance of about 14 km from Constanța. It is a quiet resort with lots of green space. The beach is 2 km long and access is by stairs.

Techirghiol – the town is located near the resort of Eforie Nord, on the shore of the lake of the same name and is located about 16 km from Constanța. This resort has gained a national reputation due to the healing properties of Lake Techirghiol. The beach of the resort is located on the northern shore of the lake, it is small, it is covered with sand and it is quiet.

Costinesti – the resort is an extension of the village with the same name and is located about 30 km from Constanța. The resort welcomes tourists with a lively atmosphere, and the two symbols that guard the beach are the wreck “Gospel”, which failed in 1960 and the Obelisk. The length of the beach is about 1 km and is covered with coarser sand, and the entrance to the water is not smooth.

Olimp – is located about 7 km from the city of Mangalia and about 40 km from the city of Constanța. The resort is, in fact, part of the Neptune resort. It has narrow sandy beaches.

Neptun – is located about 6 km from the city of Mangalia and about 40 km from the city of Constanța. The resort is a quiet location with a multitude of green parks, which makes it suitable for relaxation. The beach is covered with coarser sand, and the entrance to the water is slightly sloping and the depth suddenly increases.

Jupiter – the resort is smaller, but enjoys a rich vegetation and is located about 5 km from the city of Mangalia and about 40 km from the city of Constanța. The beach stretches for about 1 km and is covered with sand.

Saturn – is the resort located in the immediate vicinity of Mangalia and is about 45 km from Constanța. Rich vegetation and tranquility are the two components that make the resort popular with tourists. The beach is covered with coarse sand.

Venus – the resort is located about 3 km from the city of Mangalia and about 42 km from the city of Constanța. The resort is known for the abundance of vegetation and as a location where the sea water is calm. The beach stretches for about 1.5 km, is furrowed by bays, and the sand is fine.

Cap Aurora – is the smallest resort on the Romanian coast and is located between the resorts of Jupiter and Venus. It is located about 5 km from Mangalia and about 40 km from Constanța. The beach is about 500 m and was obtained by building dams that delimit four small bays.

Mangalia – the city is about 45 km from Constanța. Due to the fact that it is primarily a city and then a resort, Mangalia offers more opportunities to spend free time. The beach is covered with fine sand.

 

What to visit?

The tourist spots dear to us, which we visit over and over again with great fondness, every time we reach the lands of Danube Delta, due to their beautiful landscapes and the good state of mind transmitted are listed below, without a specific order of their visit, because from wherever we start the wealth of the soul remains the same.

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  • Letea Forest – is the northernmost subtropical forest in the world. Here you can discover sand dunes, oaks, many species of orchids, lianas, but also wild horses. It is one of the few places in Europe where horses live in the wild.
  • Caraorman Forest – is a forest made of oaks, the oldest oak can be found here, it is over 400 years old and has a diameter exceeding 4 m, ash, poplar and here you can find vines that reach 25 m high. The sand dunes near the village are unique in the country and can often exceed 7 m in height.
  • Sacalin – is one of the newest islands formed in the Danube Delta and is located in Sfântu Gheorghe. The peculiarity of the island that makes it special is that it has a rotational movement around the point of connection with the shore, from east to west.
  • The place where the Danube flows into the Black Sea – one of the experiences you should not miss during your stay in the Delta is a boat trip to the place where the Danube flows into the Black Sea, on the Sulina arm.
  • Gura Porțitei – is the place that becomes the most popular from year to year because it offers a wild beach where you can enjoy the sun, relaxation and complete peace.
  • Local food – is an experience you should not miss once you arrive in the Delta. The dishes are based on traditional recipes cooked with passion that are passed down from generation to generation, and the main “star” of the food is fish.

The tourist spots dear to us, which we visit over and over again with great fondness, every time we reach to the Black Sea, due to their beautiful landscapes and the good state of mind transmitted are listed below, without a specific order of their visit, because from wherever we start the wealth of the soul remains the same.

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  • Ovidiu Island – is located in the middle of Lake Siutghiol, and over time many legends have been attributed to it. One of the legends is related to the name of the island and it is believed that during his exile, the poet Ovidius Publius Naso has isolated himself on this piece of land to write his lyrics. Over time the island has become a place of relaxation for tourists. You can reach the island by boat from the Constanța Casino area.
  • Mamaia holiday village – is located between Lake Tăbăcărie and Lake Siutghiol and is the ideal place for those who are looking for fun. The main attraction of the park is the famous Luna Park, an amusement park full of lights and colorful games.
  • Constanța Dolphinarium – is the place where you can relax watching a unique show offered by dolphins, sea lions and penguins.
  • Constanța Aquarium – is located right in front of the Casino and was inaugurated in 1958 and hosts a permanent exhibition of aquatic fauna and flora. It is hosting a spectacular collection of sturgeons, but in addition to these you can also discover species such as sea cat, sea dragon, starfish, sea horses and much more.
  • Carol I Constanța Mosque – is the main Muslim cult building in the country and is located in Ovidiu Square. It is the first building in the country in whose constructions was used reinforced concrete and the project was made by Victor Ștefănescu.
  • Byzantine building Mangalia – this historical monument located in the resort of Mangalia, dates from the V-VI centuries AD. The rectangular ensemble, built of large blocks of limestone connected by lime mortar, stretched in the past to close to the beach city ​​and consisted of several halls.
  • Mangalia Stud Farm – is located about 3 km north of the city of Mangalia and is the largest complex of its kind in southeastern Europe. The stud house houses about 350 thoroughbred horses. The Mangalia racecourse has an area of ​​19 ha and is the only one in Romania designed especially for galloping races.

Events & Festivals

Below you can find some of the most important annual events that take place in the Danube Delta:

ANONIMUL International Independent Film Festival – this festival was born in 2004 with the help of the ANONIMUL Foundation, which wanted a different film festival, for independent films and young directors. This festival takes place in August of each year in Sfântu Gheorghe.

Danube Delta Fish Soupe Festival – this festival takes place in September and is an event for both tourists and locals. In addition to the performances offered at the festival, tourists can participate in cooking competitions.

The Festival of National Minorities “Delta Celebrations” – this festival was born in 2001, with the aim of promoting young performers and ensembles thus contributing to the preservation of traditions. This festival brings together Russians, Lipovans, Ukrainians, Germans, Turks, Gypsies, Hungarians or Greeks and offers an unforgettable show.

Below you can find some of the most important annual events that take place to the Black Sea:

International Music and Dance Festival – takes place every autumn and is a festival suitable for any age. During this festival you can enjoy opera, music, children’s performances, operetta, jazz, symphonic and chamber concerts.

Neversea Festival – takes place every summer in Constanța on Neversea beach and gathers at every edition tourists eager to have fun from all over the world. The festival runs for four days, and famous musicians and DJs are taking the stage.

International Fruit Rod Festival – this festival takes place every autumn and takes place on the Cumpăna stadium in Constanța. It is an event with a gastronomic predilection, in which both Romanians and foreigners participate, competing in traditional recipes and products specific to autumn – pickles, pies, zacusca, jams.

Romanian Navy Day – is an event that takes place every year on August 15 and tourists gather on the pier in Constanța or in the port to be present at the festivities organized by the Romanian Navy Day.

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