Banat & Crişana
Sursa: Carrefour Romania, Youtube
We love Banat & Crişana
We love Banat for its multiculturality, we have a large community of Romanians, Hungarians, Germans, Serbians, Austrians.
We love Banat for its rich history
We love Banat for the out-of-city tourism: caves, waterfalls and other nature-made wonders.
We love Crisana for its welcoming people and for their speech
We love Crisana for their picturesque landscapes
We love Crisana for its Bihor plum brandy
Discover Banat & Crişana
- Banat is a historic province which has in is componence areas of Romania, Serbia (Serbian Banat) and a small part of Hungary.
- Currently, Banat fully includes Timis County, the majority of Caras Severin County (without Bucova, Cornisoru, Boutarii de Jos, Boutarii de Sus and Preveciori) but also parts of Arad (south of Mures), Mehedinti and Hunedoara counties (a few settlements).
- It borders the following regions: Crisana to the north, Transylvania to the east and Oltenia to the southeast. In the northwest there is the border with Hungary, and in the southwest the border with Serbia.
- The name Banat comes from the word “Ban” which means governor / leader. The territories of the region were called Banatis and were ruled by a Ban.The terrain of Banat is varied and includes mountain areas, the Western Carpathians and the western area of the southern Carpathian coast, then going towards the border with Hungary , the Western Hills, respectively the Western Plain.
- The most important mountain massifs are the Tarcu mountains with the Tarcu-Caleanu peaks (2190 m), Baicu (2123 m), Bloju (2192 m), Muntele Mic (1,806 m), the Cerna Mountains with the Poiana Mare peak (1363 m), respectively the Mountains Poiana Rusca (1,359 m), Banat Mountains with Semenic (1,447 m), Anina, Dogneca, Almaj and Locva division.
- The first signs of the existence of Banat date from the 10th century, in the form of voivodeships: Glad, Ahtum and Cinad.
Over time the Banat region was under Ottoman rule (sixteenth and seventeenth centuries) then was annexed to Hungary twice (in a small part of the eighteenth century, and then after 1860). Since 1919 it has become Romanian territory again, and since 1968, Banat has its current form, spreading over 5 counties.
- The gastronomy of the region, similar to that of Transylvania, is identified by soups and sweet sauces with rantas(made from flour with water or milk), the food is generally sweet (the influence of Austrian domination is observed). As for the courses we present: Banat soup, homemade noodles with walnuts / poppy seeds, onion pies, liver and cabbage, bean stew with goose, rooster soup with noodles, stuffed onions, or pork paprika with flour dumplings.
As desserts we mention the crofnes(doughnuts), gombotii(similar to doughnuts but they have plums or peaches inside), papanasii (a different type of doughnuts made with cheese, and served with cream and fruit jelly or chocolate sauce)or pancakes from Banat (prepared in the oven with cheese and raisins, and with meringue topping)
With the contribution of Serbian neighbors, also in the Banat region we meet the famous Banat / Serbian pleskavita, in terms of fast food. (minced meat with condiments, fried, and served in a bun with mustard, ketchup, onions).
- As for traditions we must mention the event known as “Ball” . The main purpose was to prepare young women to find their suitor, to create families and to inherit wealth. Dance classes and good manners courses were organized, so that the young men and women could be at their best level for the future spouse. Currently, several such balls are organized, to recreate the charm of the past: the Ball of Hope, the Ball of the Sanziene (flowers) or the Ball of the Teachers. The focus is currently on the development of an event as successful and as impressive as possible for the participants and to recreate the old atmosphere. Another custom, which is found at national level, with the particularities of the respective region is caroling. Children and young people leave the house offering blessing and luck through traditional songs. Another tradition related to the holidays is that a few straws of hay, wheat, sunflower or corn are placed under the tablecloth where the main meal will be served. These would bring wealth and peace in the house.
- Crisana is a historical province that includes territories from Romania and Hungary. It is located in the northwestern part of the country and borders Banat in the south, Transylvania in the east, Maramures in the north, and the border with Hungary in the west.
It fully includes Bihor county but also parts of Arad (north of Mures), Salaj (east) and Satu Mare (north).
- The name of the region is given to the 3 main rivers: Crisul Alb, Crisul Negru and Crisul Repede. Together with Barcaul it represents the majority of the flowing hydrographic network.
- The first dating of the region is from the ninth century, when the fortress of Biharia is mentioned, known as the capital of Crisana. The current county seat of Bihor appears for the first time in history in 1113 and the archaeological discoveries in the Baile Felix area show that it was inhabited by the Geto-Dacian tribes. The region was annexed in its history by Hungary, and in 1920 it was divided by the two states. Thus on the territory of Hungary, the cities of Gyula, Debrecen, and Bekescsaba are part of the Crisana of Hungary.
- The winter traditions of Crisana are spectacular rituals meant to bring abundance, prosperity, health and luck. On Christmas Eve, especially in rural areas, young people go to the neighbors and then to the whole village to spread the news of the Birth of the Savior. They are dressed in traditional costumes with the related accessories and offer a generous repertoire of carols.
- A custom found only in Crisana is walking with the “Turca”. This is a character from fairy tales, with an extremely decorated colorful costume. The “Turca” sings, dances, scares children, quarrels with the elderly, the whole show being energetic, nice and loved by the locals. The role of this habit is to bring back joy and hope to people that the year will be good, that everything will be good for their home, family and lands.
- On New Year’s Eve locals prepare the onion calendar. Unwrap a large onion, put water in each onion leaf and leave overnight. Depending on the evaporation of water, people will know which will be the rainy and dry months. Plugosorul and Sorcova meet on the first day of the new year.
- Holiday traditions bring joy, hope and perhaps most importantly, bring people together to celebrate the region’s ancient values.
Orthodox Christians in Crisana are preparing for Easter since the start of the Holy Week; housewives prepare fasting food that they give as alms for the souls of the dead and plant flowers on graves.
On Maundy Thursday, the “toaca” is beaten so it’s sound will ward off evil spirits, and in cemeteries, fires considered sacred are lit. P. In Bihor, we find the custom of scattering, namely the decoration of eggs with religious motifs and symbols. It is a craft preserved old times and has reached the rank of art. As a description, we find lines, shapes and colors with biblical themes, traditions, or life in the village.
- On the night of the Resurrection, the faithful go to church and receive the holy light. On Easter day it is customary to wash with water containing red eggs, silver and nettle so that people are healthy, strong and energetic. As soon as the dishes are consecrated, the whole family sits down at the table, enjoying the Easter holiday.
In rural areas, the wedding is a very important event. During the event, the tradition is manifested with various songs, shouts (dedications) dances that represent the future of the newly married couple. There is a speaker, chosen by the family, to accompany them on the way to the wedding. He negotiates and discusses with the bride’s parents the details of the life she will have with the groom. If the conditions are settled(of course, all the time), the agreement is honored with the famous brandy (palinca)
- Although they are less common, the customs are kept especially in rural areas within the faithful families. Such a custom rarely happens on the wedding day when the groom comes accompanied by the speaker after the bride. Her relatives will lock him up in the yard and challenge him to a game of riddles, sayings and teachings. After the groom wins this game, proven worthy for his bride, they leave for the church and the reception which is not bypassed by other smaller customs: stealing the bride, stealing the bride’s shoe, dancing the bride with the boy’s relatives, etc.
- The gastronomy of Crisana has strong Hungarian influences, the main spice used being sweet paprika. Crisana’s cuisine follows traditional, ecological and healthy principles, based on ingredients from its own yard. Among the most important dishes we mention: bacon and homemade sausages, sheep’s cheese, goulash soup, fish soup, large cabbage rolls, egg balmos (polenta with cheese, butter and milk), piparaica, (garlic sauce with yogurt and flour), gimicus (baked cornflower with bacon, sausages and caltabos – a different type of sausage), boi pe moare (sour cabbage juice with polenta), pumpkin curechi (pumpkin second course) tasche with pegmez (dough packs with thick jam plums).
How to get there?
Plane, car or train? Banat area can be reached by almost all means of transport.
The area is served by Timisoara airport (Tarom, Lufthansa, Wizz Air and RyanAir companies).
By train it is located on the M900 railway line, which connects with Bucharest through southern Romania.
By road, the region has the following European roads: E671 (Timisoara – Arad) and E70 (Lugoj – Timisoara – Moravita).
- Plane, car or train? Situated near the border with Hungary, Crișana doesn’t have the same accessibility as the neighbouring regions
Crișana is served by Oradea airport, where Tarom operates flights to / from Bucharest.
Located in the west of the country, right on the border with Hungary, there are numerous road / rail access roads to the neighboring state. Crisana is served by the M300 railway line (Oradea – Bucharest), the longest in Romania. Both the national company CFR and other private companies operate on the surface of the region.
From the road point of view, the region is covered by the following European roads: E671 Arad – Oradea – Satu mare, E79 Oradea – Deva and E60 Oradea – Cluj. The main road / railway junction is Oradea.
In terms of urban settlements, Banat does not have a large number of large cities. We mention Timişoara, Reşiţa, Lugoj, Recaş, Caransebeş, Orşova or Oraviţa.
Timisoara, located in the west of the country, is the largest city in the region in terms of demographics, culture and finance.
The city also has the names of Little Vienna, due to the influences of the Austro-Hungarian regime, but also the City of Flowers, for the multitude of parks and landscaped green areas. Timisoara holds several national historical records such as: the first horse-drawn tram line, the first city with street lighting and then electric lighting, the first brewery in Romania that still operates today.
As for tourist areas, the main objectives are found in the historic center:
- Opera Square with Metropolitan Cathedral, Romanian Opera and many neo-Byzantine or Art Nouveau palaces: Lloyd’s Palace, Neuhausz Palace, Marble Palace, Palace of Commerce and Industry Palace, Dauerbach Palace , Loffler Palace, Hilt-Vogel Palace, Szechenyi Palace and Weiss Palace.
- From the Opera Square you can easily reach the Liberty Square where we find the Statue of the Virgin Mary and St. Nepomuk and then the Union Square.
- This historical part of the city concentrates important tourist attractions such as the Roman Catholic Dome, the Baroque Palace (Art Museum), the Serbian Orthodox Cathedral, the Holy Trinity Monument, the Brück House or the mineral water fountain.
- Near this area, we find the Maria Theresa Bastion, which was part of the protective wall of the fortress. It is currently used as a road / pedestrian passage. Parts of the wall are also found in the Botanical Park.
- In terms of parks, we mention: near the Opera Square: Central Park, or Cathedral Park, Roses Park (where various events take place annually), Children’s Park or Botanical Park.
- In a slightly more remote area, in the Traian neighborhood, you can find the Brewery, functional since 1718. Over the years it has undergone architectural changes and modernizations. Inside the factory there is a museum and a restaurant.
- The farthest tourist attraction of the city is located in the north and covers more than 17 hectares: the Village Museum. It welcomes you with a traditionally carved wooden gate and inside you can see the church, school, town hall, pub, streets and houses preserved from ancient times. The insides of the houses are open for visit. In the vicinity of the Village Museum you will also find the Zoo or the Green Forest.
Located in southwestern Romania, Resita is the county seat for Caras-Severin. The city is described as the oldest steel center and one of the most important industrial centers in Romania. Small in size, surrounded by hills and mountains, it is believed that the city will soon become a ghost town. Due to the disappearance of the industrial-steel segment, you will find a high age population and in general a very quiet city. From a touristic point of view, the city is not included in the highlights of tourism as a single objective but as a gateway to the Nera Gorges.
Even so, we list the following objectives:
- Steam Locomotive Museum – the main tourist attraction of the region. 16 steam locomotives are on display. It is the only museum of its kind in the world.
- Banat Mountain Museum – includes for 70,000 exhibits from various fields of activity: art, archeology, ethnography, industrial history, mineralogy, etc. It is ideal for discovering local history.
- Vama Bridge – current pedestrian bridge, is the oldest riveted and welded bridge in Romania that made the connection between Resita Romana and Resita Montana.
- Funicular – being an industrial city, this funicular was used to transport coal. Currently it is not functional and it is desired to be transformed into a promenade.
The largest cities in Crisana are: Oradea, Arad, Zalau, Beius, Marghita and Salonta, the first three being also county residences for Bihor, Arad, Salaj. The main urban tourist objectives are found in Arad and Oradea.
Arad is located on the banks of the Mures River. It is an important industrial and transport center, with connections to major European cities both by road and rail.
- Ioan Slavici Theater – built in the 19th century in neoclassical style.
- Avram Iancu Square – the main cultural square of the city. It housed the old town hall building, now we find the Domany House, the Nadasdi Palace or the Pharmacists’ Palace.
- Cultural Palace – huge architectural building, combines several architectural styles: neoclassical, Corinthian (front columns), Italian Renaissance, Art Nouveau and Gothic. Here you can find the County Museum and the State Philharmonic.
- City center – in a small area are the Administrative Palace (new town hall), Cenad, Neumann and Szantay Palaces. The Administrative Palace is the only building in the city that has a clock tower, at every fixed hour the Ode of Joy is sung.
- Arad Fortress – located outside the city, near the Aradul Nou neighborhood. It is a star-shaped fortress with 7 corners. It dates from the 18th century as a military prison, and characters such as Horia, Closca and Crisan were imprisoned here.
Oradea is located on the banks of Crisului Repede, which divides it into two almost equal halves. Being close to the border with Hungary, it is an important economic, social and cultural center in the northwest of the country. In recent years, the local administration has renovated the entire historic center of the city with European funds, being brought to a European level. Oradea has strongly re-entered the tourist market and threatens the supremacy of neighboring cities as the best city to visit in the west of the country.
- Oradea Fortress – consisting of several bastions and buildings, was built in the twelfth century. Currently you can visit the Roman Catholic Church, the Bakery and the former stables, all renovated. There is also a beautiful dendrological park on the territory of the fortress.
- Cris Country Museum – dates from 1897 and gathers the most important exhibits in fields such as natural sciences, history and archeology, art and ethnography. The collections are representative for the entire Crisana region.
- Union Square – the most important buildings of the city are found here: the Palace of the Greek Catholic Episcopate, the Kovacs House, the City Hall and the Black Eagle Palace. The town hall palace dates from 1902 and is recognized by the 50m high clock tower. The most famous building in the city is the Black Eagle Palace. It is currently the most famous promenade and relaxation location. It is famous for the interior passage with design inspired by the Vittorio Emanuele Galleries in Milan.
- Zion Synagogue – the largest neolog synagogue in Romania, built in the Moorish style since 1878.
- Nymphea Aquapark – the newest tourist attraction, is the largest aquapark in the west of the country. The services are impeccable, the facilities include indoor and outdoor pools, jacuzzi, saunas. On weekends, the queues stretch for tens of meters, but there is the advantage of buying tickets online.
What to visit?
The main tourist areas of the Banat region except for the cities are the natural parks Cheile Nerei, Semenic, Portile de Fier (Danube gorge and boilers), respectively Lunca Muresului or the balneo-climatic resorts
- Cheile Nerei contains spectacular mountain trails and a lot of natural sights. The most important would be Bigar Waterfall, Susara Waterfall, Comarnic Cave, Ochiul Beiului Lake, Beusnita Waterfall, Vaioaga Waterfall, La Tunele route.
- Bigar Waterfall received the title of the most spectacular waterfall in the world in 2013. It is located in Bozovici, Caras-Severin County. Bigar Waterfall also marks the entrance to the Nera Gorges reservation. Next to it is a sign informing tourists that they are on the 45th North Line. Near the waterfall, just 20 km away we will find the Rudaria Water Mills (a number of 22 preserved water mills, which are part of the Unesco heritage). Cheile Nerei National Park is fully included in the Unesco patrimony.
- Vaioaga Waterfall, Ochiul Beiului Lake, Beusnita Waterfall and La Tunele route are distributed over a length of 20 km and represent the most visited route in Cheile Nerei: Spectacular waterfalls, a lake that is said to never freeze by a mesmerizing turquoise or the 7 tunnels dug in the rock (from Roman times).
- Also in the Banat region we have the first railway in Romania, between Oravita and Anina. Currently a train runs once a day / direction. The route is spectacular, the 21 km crosses 14 tunnels and 10 viaducts. The duration per direction is about 2 hours.
- Also worth mentioning are the spa resorts Baile Herculane and Baile Buzias, although they are in a rather poor architectural condition for their reputation.
In Băile Herculane, there are a number of diseases that can be treated: musculoskeletal system afections (inflammatory rheumatism, degenerative rheumatism, degenerative diseases of the spine, inflammatory or degenerative abarticular rheumatic diseases, post-traumatic diseases and diseases of the nervous system (peripheral neurological diseases, central diseases, neurological diseases). attitude defects in children and young people) but also associated diseases: diseases of the digestive tract and ancillary glands, diseases of the urinary tract: functional kidney disorders, cardiovascular diseases, dermatological diseases, endocrine diseases, gynecological diseases, respiratory diseases)
- A destination frequented by young people, especially in summer is Valiug with the lake of the same name, where there are parties every weekend.
- Banat can also boast with ornithological reservations such as the one in Satchinez, the dendrological park in Bazos or the only circular village in Romania (seen from above): Charlottenburg.
- The Danube Boilers represent a sector of the Danube Gorge formed at its passage through the Carpathian Mountains. The Boilers area is special and extremely spectacular because here, on the Boilers length of about 9 km, the Danube narrows reaching only 230 meters wide. In this area, on the other hand, the water flows much faster and reaches depths of 75 meters. You can reach the Danube Boilers by car, following the signs from Orşova to Moldova Nouă, Eşelniţa and Dubova, and after 25 kilometers you will enter the gorge. As programs in the area, you can take a boat ride in Cazanele Mari, the route that includes visiting Ponicova Cave and Veteran Grotto, but also in Cazanele Mici, where you can admire Mraconia Bay and see the face of Decebal carved into the rock.
Crisana is a very rich region in terms of relaxation, adventure or mountain tourism. Whether you prefer relaxation in the mountains or near rivers or swimming pools, or enjoy discovering caves, waterfalls or spectacular mountain top landscapes, the area offers everyone what they want.
- Baile Felix is the largest spa resort in Romania. It is located only 9km from Oradea, on the European road to Deva. The resort is open all year round and offers various treatments with oligometallic, bicarbonate, calcium or sodium geothermal waters, respectively sludges with sapropelic properties. Most tourists come both with recommendations from specialists and for relaxation. There are accommodation units from guesthouses to the newest and most luxurious resort: Lotus Therm.
Conditions that can be treated at Băile Felix:
inflammatory rheumatic diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylosis);
degenerative rheumatic diseases (cervical, dorsal and lumbar spondylosis, polyarthritis);
abarticular rheumatic diseases;
post-traumatic conditions (sprains, dislocations, locomotor sequelae);
neurological disorders (paresis, paralysis, neuropathy, polyneuropathy);
peripheral and central neurological disorders;
associated diseases (nutrition and metabolism diseases, endocrine diseases).
- Baile 1 Mai is not as famous as Baile Felix, but it offers the same spa services as the neighboring resort. Accommodation units are smaller in this case.
- Other spas in the Crisana region are Moneasa and Lipova in Arad County.
Moneasa is mentioned in history for the first time in 1835, in the same century being dated Lipova resort. Both are famous for their bicarbonate, calcium, magnesium, sodium and hypotonic waters.
- Also in Bihor county we find three of the most important caves of the country / region: the Bear Cave, the Meziad Cave or the Crystal Cave from Farcu.
Bear Cave is the most important attraction in the Apuseni Mountains. It was discovered in 1975 and has a length of 1500m, arranged on two levels. Inside this cave were found the remains of the cave bear, but also stalagmites and stalagmites of spectacular shapes. 3 of the 4 galleries can be visited: the Bones Gallery, the Emil Racovita Gallery, the Candles Gallery and the Scientific Gallery (the latter being accessible only to speleologists).
Meziad Cave, located near the homonymous locality, is one of the first caves arranged and one of the longest caves in the country: over 4700m. Discovered in 1863, it was opened to the general public in 1972. Also in this cave were found bones belonging to the cave bear, but it has a much more diverse fauna today: bats, butterflies, spiders, crustaceans.
The cave with crystals from Farcu was discovered in 1987 and is the only cave where you can see calcite crystals without being a speleologist. It has a length of only 251m. Visiting this cave, the open route has 200m and includes a mini mining museum, and half of the length of the route is dominated by water-shaped walls and various spectacular formations.
- The most famous fortresses in Crisana are Siria and Soimos in Arad County.
The Siria fortress dates back to the 13th century and was built to protect about 110 surrounding villages. It was destroyed in 1784 and today you can visit the remains of its walls. In recent years, a road has been built leading to the top of Fortress Hill, so there is road access for cars and coaches. For those with very good physical shape, from the foot of the hill there are routes that lead to the fortress, and can be covered in 30-60 minutes.
- Soimos Fortress is one of the medieval Transylvanian fortresses, built on the right bank of the Mures in 1278. It is located on a rocky hill with a single access road, being one of the best guarded fortresses by nature. It was abandoned in 1788 and was recently included in the list of protected monuments.
- Another tourist attraction worth mentioning in this hilly region is the beach of Lake Ghioroc. It is an arranged area, visited mainly in summer, as an alternative to the local swimming pool in Arad.
- Other objectives that should be mentioned, but which are not so popular are: Tinca Baths, the succession of caves and waterfalls in the Vadul Crisului – Suncuius region (Vadul Crisului Cave and Waterfall, Podireului Cave, Casa Zmeului Cave, Caprei Cave, Red Cave , Fugarului Cave, Ungurul Mic and Ungurul Mare Cave), Gradia beach (similar in landscape to the beaches in Thailand) or Menumorut Fortress in Finis village (there is a legend about the existence of a tunnel connecting the fortress with Beius, about 10km from underground tunnel ).
- For winter sports lovers, Crisana comes with two proposals: the resorts Stana de Vale and Muntele Mic.
Stana de Vale is located at 1100m altitude and is recommended both for the cold season and for the other seasons for relaxation and hiking. The ski area includes 3 slopes: Deer (170m blue slope), Reindeer (790m blue slope) and Cerbul (585m red slope), the last two being served by a ski lift. There are also areas for tubing or sledding.
Muntele Mic, 22km from Caransebes, has over 20km of slopes, of which 5km by night, 3 ski lifts and 2 chairlifts. Divided into 3 red slopes and 2 blue slopes, it awaits its tourists every year for winter sports. The altitude of 1520m allows a fairly long winter season.
- The oldest monastery in Romania is a few km from Arad, called Hodos-Bodrog. It is said that in this church was performed the largest number of exorcisms on the territory of our country.
Events & Festivals
The most important events and festivals in the Banat area are organized strictly in the city of Timisoara, namely: Plai Festival, Diskoteka, ISWINT, StudentFest, JazzTM, Timisoara Arts Festival.
- PLAI is more than a music festival. It incorporates numerous activities in the field of arts and promotes and develops at the same time new artists, new music, new art but also a network of non-profit organizations. It takes place in the area of the Village Museum and is mainly organized in September.
- DISKOteka Festival had in 2019 the first edition of the first retro music event in Romania. It wants to become a tradition that unites hundreds of thousands of people inside and outside the borders of our country.
- International Student Week in Timisoara (ISWinT) is a project organized by students for students. It belongs to the AC (Automation and Computers) League within the Polytechnic University of Timisoara and is the oldest project organized by the League, being unique in Romania. The purpose of sharing the various cultures of the participants in the form of shows and workshops, public or in a restricted setting. Workshops are organized on various fields that will later turn into activities for the general public. It is organized during the summer vacation.
- StudentFest is another international student festival with artistic and cultural themes organized in Timișoara by OSUT (Students’ Organization from the West University of Timisoara), a non-governmental and non-profit organization made up of UVT students. The festival includes artistic sections such as: urban arts, dance, clothing design, photo-video, or, music and theater. The purpose of this festival is to create an environment conducive to the personal and professional development of young artists.
- Jazz TM is the largest event supporting jazz music in Romania and is slowly becoming a symbol of the city. Local and international artists are invited each year to support a performance for the amateur audience.
- “The Timisoara Arts Festival is a large event with the aim of promoting local artists, but also facilitating the access of the general public to the diversity of the city’s cultural events. A multitude of artists of all ages and categories intensely prepare performances of music, dance, film, sculpture, painting, fashion, theater, design, literature, photography or creative workshops.
- In addition to these main events, there are small events such as the Papricas Festival, the Wine / Beer Festival (autumn / summer (Oktoberfest festival (borrowed from Germany) (summer), the Festival of Hearts (music and folk dance from several countries) (summer), Street Food Festival (which is organized in several cities in Romania) (summer / autumn) and in rural areas is organized Rugile satelor (celebration of the patron saint of the local church with music and folk dance performances).
The main organizer of events in the Crisana area is APTOR, the Association for the Promotion of Tourism in Oradea and Region located in the capital of the region. APTOR organizes annually, around 20 events, among which we mention: Easter Fair, European Music Open, Medieval City Festival, Hungarian Culture Days, Slovak Culture Days, Shalom Jerusalem Jewish Festival, St. Ladislaus Days, Oradea FestiFall and Christmas Fair.
- The biggest local / regional festival is Toamna Oradeana. (Oradea Autumn)
Oradea Autumn is the most important festival in the cultural life of Oradea and takes place every autumn. It lasts for two weeks and presents to the public theater performances, various exhibitions and outdoor concerts.
- The Barrier-Free International Multicultural Festival is the most important theater festival in Crișana and Maramureș. It takes place in Satu Mare and is the most important cultural event in that county, the largest event in the city. The organizers of the festival manage to attract, on the occasion of each edition, a public number with an average between 3000 and 7000 spectators. It is not a festival-contest but the purpose is the desire to provide a celebrated celebrity more watching shows of that season. The teams of actors come from countries such as Romania, Hungary, Italy, Austria or Germany.
- In 2019, in Salonta, the first edition of the Border Film Festival took place. It lasts for two days and every night, the public will be able to watch on the big screen, outdoors, a selection of Romanian and Hungarian films released in recent years. The festival is open to the general public free of charge and will be an opportunity to discover and communicate the two cinematic industries. Every evening, special guests, directors, actors or film producers will be present, who will talk to the audience after the screening
- Every year, sometimes in summer or autumn, in Oradea there is an event dedicated to Folk music, called the Pro Lirica Folk Festival. Every year, famous artists, but also fresh artists take to the Bihor stage to delight the amateur folk audience. The folk festival is organized by the Pro Lirica Foundation and the County Center for Preservation and Promotion of Traditional Culture Bihor, in collaboration with the Museum of Oradea – Cultural Complex
- Oradea Summer Film is an open-air cinema organized annually in August, in the Oradea Citadel Park. The event brings to the public auteur films, presented in the most prestigious film festivals in the world.
- The medieval festival Oradea is one of the largest medieval festivals in Romania, organized annually in July, in the Oradea Fortress. The festival brings back to us customs and traditions, knights and medieval characters, who take us on a journey through time, both through the atmosphere and through the reconstructions of historical battles, demonstrations of fighting, crafts and ancient customs. Oradea Fortress becomes a small medieval village where you meet craftsmen, knights, soldiers and princesses, cheerful craftsmen and illusionists.
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Nature, adventure and traditional life in the Western Carpathians, Romania
explore the karst landscape in Apuseni Nature Park, the Western Carpathians: deep spruce forests, gorges, sinkholes and potholes, karst glades.
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learn about local culture and traditions from the Land of Motzi
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